Donald Trump and Joe Biden: How do they compare?

Republican President Donald Trump

Champions an “America First” vision

CHINA

• Used tariffs to crack down on China for unfair trade practices and struck a preliminary trade deal.

• Closed down a consulate, charged officials and spies with espionage and trade secret theft.

• Sanctioned Chinese officials for human rights abuses, although Mr Trump reportedly told Chinese President he approved of concentration camps in Xinjiang.

• Cut off Huawei’s supply of chips and slapped restrictions on Chinese apps WeChat and TikTok.

SOUTH CHINA SEA

• Championed a “free and open Indo-Pacific”, slammed China’s militarisation in the contested waters.

• Rejected China’s claims in the South China Sea as illegal under international law.

NORTH KOREA

• Attended three summits with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and claims credit for Pyongyang’s suspension of nuclear tests.

ALLIANCES

• Wants Japan and South Korea to pay more for American bases on their soil.
• Working on boosting cooperation between the Quad: the US, Japan, India and Australia.

TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP (TPP)

• Exited the TPP, wants to bring manufacturing jobs back to America.

Democratic presidential nominee

Wants to restore American leadership on the world stage, build stronger ties with allies

CHINA

• Criticised tariffs and Mr Trump’s trade deal.

• Will use existing trade laws and work more closely with allies to pressure China to stop its trade and technology abuses.

• Threatened tougher sanctions against human rights abuses in Xinjiang and encroachment of Hong Kong’s democracy.

• Called for the US to shape digital norms and counter China’s “high-tech authoritarianism”.

SOUTH CHINA SEA

• Pledged to boost the US navy’s presence in the Asia-Pacific.

NORTH KOREA

• Wants fewer summits and tougher sanctions, could return to a policy emphasising pressure.

ALLIANCES

• Will strengthen alliances with Japan, South Korea, Australia and other Asian democracies.

TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP (TPP)

• Supported the TPP as vice-president, but now says he would renegotiate it to boost labour and environment protections.

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