Same as 11 years ago with the flu AH1N1, Mexico and the world have faced in recent months a new virus: the SARS-CoV-2, which is what causes the disease COVID-19.
It should be remembered that on April 23, 2009 – in the third year of the then PAN government, Felipe Calderon-, the Secretary of Health, José Ángel Córdova Villalobos, interrupted all Mexican television signals to inform that the country was in a crisis due to contagion of a new strain of the H1N1 virus.
Four months after that announcement, the new strain of that virus had already spread to more than 120 countries, so the World Health Organization (who) officially declared it a pandemic, having as its epicenter Veracruz Mexico.
In 2009, the country took drastic measures to reduce infections: Mexico City and the State of Mexico suspended classes (at all levels) from April 24 to May 6, closed libraries, cinemas, museums and any public meeting space, as well as concerts, Mandatory use of face masks and gloves for drivers of taxis, minibuses and other transports.
In the country production and employment declined. Regarding the Mexican economy, the second quarter of 2009 implied a drop in the -10.36% of gross domestic product (GDP), according to the Center for Public Finance Studies.
This panorama hit the labor sector, they were lost 522,000 jobs and the number of unemployed increased by about 772,000 people, according to Inegi between the second quarters of 2008 and 2009.
Calderón reinforced the Temporary Employment Program which became an instrument to mitigate the loss of income of the population. Due to the epidemic, the budget programmed for this program went from 1,523 to 2,200 million pesos.
Also the SEP, the Ministry of Social Development and the Ministry of Health launched an Emergent Plan that allowed to employ 33,000 people, that made up cleaning teams for 7,890 schools, according to the STPS.
But nevertheless, “there was no support for formal workers, only to companies ”, he warned the media Question, José Ignacio Martínez Cortés, coordinator of the Laboratory of Analysis in Commerce, Economy and Business (LACEN-UNAM).
In the tourism sector, exempted companies related to maritime vessels from the payment equivalent to 50% of the rights that were caused by extraordinary immigration services during the months of May, June and July 2009.
Forgiven taxes of payroll and on lodging to the taxpayers of the sector restaurant and hotelier as compensation for 25% of the loss of income for the months of May to July 2009.
Likewise, the price of gasoline was frozen; the cost of electricity decreased in the commercial and industrial tariff and also the LP gas tariff.
The Mexican government acquired hundreds of test strips for quick tests to detect cases of type A influenza, which did not work, as admitted by the former Secretary of Health, José Ángel Córdova Villalobos, in an interview this year with Political Expansion.
The figures of the unfortunate deaths caused by the first pandemic of the XXI century do not compare with those registered at the moment in Mexico, since In one year, 70,715 infections and 1,172 confirmed deaths due to H1N1 were reported throughout the Mexican Republic, while in just eight months, COVID-19 has left 1,100,683 confirmed cases and 105,459 deaths by the new disease, and they continue to rise.
The first death from influenza in Mexico was on April 11, 2009: a girl who had contracted the virus a month earlier and was treated at the National Institute of Respiratory Diseases (INER), where the first case of coronavirus was also treated and where the first death from the disease was also reported.
Today, Andrés Manuel López Obrador and its top advisers continue to advocate a strategy that, according to, balances public health needs with damage to the Mexican economy.
Mexico has taken measures, such as the program Learn at home for school classes broadcast on television, promote social distancing with cartoons, a epidemiological traffic light by entity through which decisions are made to close or open establishments, among others.
However, according to Inegi, during the second quarter from 2020, the GDP from Mexico It fell 18.7% compared to the same period in 2019, but according to the same organization, for the third quarter, GDP rebounded 12.1% compared to the previous period.
In addition, since the beginning of the pandemic, AMLO has been harshly criticized by various international and national organizations for not taking extreme measures to combat the current health crisis, since the takes have not stopped deaths or infections, in addition to minimizing the pandemic.
And it is that at the moment they go 1,100,683 confirmed cases and 105,459 deaths from the new disease: an increase of 10,008 infections and 586 deaths in the last 24 hours and they continue to increase.
Map of the coronavirus in Mexico November 29: more than 10,000 infections in 24 hours for the fourth consecutive day
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