President Andrés Manuel López Obrador it has reiterated on several occasions that the State is no longer the main violator of human rights. However, the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) has other data that reveal that citizens continue to accuse irregularities by the Armed Forces and public security elements.
Only in 2020, there is a record of an average of three accusations a day for alleged human rights violations. From January to September, the CNDH was notified of 864 complaints against elements of the Secretariat of National Defense (Sedena), the Secretariat of the Navy (Semar), the National Guard (GN), the Attorney General’s Office (FGR), as well as the other dependencies of federal level security.
“Although the government in its speech says that the violations of rights are over, they are not ended by decree or with courses or manuals, as they have tried to do,” he told the Mexican newspaper The universal David Ramírez de Garay, coordinator of the Security Program of the organization México Evalúa, underlining that These abuses are directly related to the type of training received by the Armed Forces, based on training to eliminate an enemy.
The complaints for which these institutions are singled out They are arbitrary arrests and arbitrary use of force, cruel and inhuman treatment, torture, intimidation, attacks against migrants, violation of women’s rights, forced disappearance, deprivation of life, illegal retention, taking of property without the consent of the owners , irregularities in the search warrants, omitting to provide protection and assistance, as well as the undue imputation of facts.
On the other hand, among the 10 most demanded institutions, according to the CNDH’s National Human Rights Violation Alert System, are the Army, the National Guard, and the FGR with 237, 209 and 203 complaints, respectively.
Said newspaper also indicates that the specialists they consulted agree that Such abuses continue to occur because security institutions are the main ones in charge of fighting crime, even without having the training that is required to carry out those functions.
The commission also notes that said complaints are registered in 309 municipalities of the country.
In the Mexican capital there is the place with the most complaints so far in 2020, 36, and it is in the Cuauhtémoc mayor’s office. Later it is followed by the mayoralties of Miguel Hidalgo; the municipality of Ciudad Juárez, in Chihuahua; on the Tijuana border, in Baja California; then again in Mexico City, the mayor Álvaro Obregón; the municipality of Tapachula, in Chiapas; the capital of San Luis Potosí, of the same name; Puebla, Puebla; while in Guanajuato in the municipalities of Irapuato, Guanajuato and León.
Contrary to the statements of the federal government, in the current administration the trend of human rights violations by the State has continued. To make an idea, In 2019, these types of complaints increased by 17% compared to those registered in 2018.
Also consulted by The universal, Mariclaire Acosta Urquidi, a human rights defender, pointed out that, until now, the federal government has maintained a “failed policy” on public security issues, and agreed that it is because it is based on the use of force.
“This year we did quite badly and I do not hope that this will improve, quite the opposite. The violence has not stopped, the executions and disappearances continue, there is a tightening of the laws regarding informal preventive detention and we have a National Guard that is clearly military, ”he warned.
In addition, he added that the limited capacity of the prosecution services to carry out investigations is a breeding ground for this type of abuse. “We must have a justice system that works, have a local police and not just militarized, a comprehensive welfare policy to guarantee employment, education, health and social cohesion, but unfortunately there is none of that ”.
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