VENEZUELA: The Failed State that other countries in Latin America could replicate

With a 31% participation in the polls (figures from the Madurista regime), the dictatorship claims victory over 253 seats, out of the 277 deputies contemplated by the Legislative; in a process plagued by irregularities, as happened in the case of the 2018 presidential election, which resulted in international disapproval of the result of the electoral contest to occupy the highest magistracy of the South American country.

Five years after the last election of the Legislative Power (December 6, 2015), a day that had a participation of 40 points more than that of last December 6, 2020; the only democratically elected and internationally recognized power, it faces the unsheathed sword of a regime that tirelessly seeks the opportunity to leave it headless, to take the last bastion of democracy in the country.

Today, 22 years after the arrival of Hugo Chávez to power, Venezuela faces a scenario of ungovernability, an unprecedented humanitarian crisis, a massive migration that outnumbers Syrian refugees (a country at war for 9 years) , the third longest hyperinflation in history and a pandemic that has impacted the already depleted hospital capacity of a country that lacked medicines and basic medical care, prior to the arrival of Sars-Cov-2.


The current Venezuelan political reality is of such complexity that we must necessarily go back to December 2015, that turning point in history, where for the first time Chavismo lost an election, and in which two thirds of the National Assembly passed at the hands of the opposition.

The defeat of the ruling party at the polls unleashed a number of actions outside the law, which led to the scenario of electoral fraud in 2018 and also electoral fraud in the parliamentary elections of a few days ago.

After the opposition triumph in December 2015, the acting National Assembly, with a Chavista majority, in the face of electoral defeat and imminent transition, appealed for the renewal of the positions of the highest power: the Supreme Court of Justice. The National Assembly arbitrarily decided to appoint 13 magistrates of the Supreme Court of Justice, before the end of the term of the acting magistrates and prior to the entry of the newly elected National Assembly. For the appointment of magistrates by the Legislature can be legally given, it is necessary that there are vacancies in the Supreme Court, otherwise no new appointments can be given. In order to replace the acting magistrates, it was necessary to wait for their ordinary term to be fulfilled, that is, until January 2016.

However, contrary to what the law stipulates, there was a massive resignation of magistrates, (sponsored by the government of ), for the subsequent arbitrary election of the new magistrates, outside the legislative period. This decision led to a spurious Supreme Court of Justice, which began to operate outside the law.

In 2016 the opposition managed to collect almost 2,000,000 signatures, approximately 10% of the electoral roll, far exceeding the 1% required by the electoral law, to activate the recall process of the presidential mandate; process that would have been proposed by Chávez during the electoral campaign of 1998; and after a constitutional amendment, it would have been incorporated into the Magna Carta in 1999.

The then CNE (2016) arbitrarily decided to cancel 600,000 signatures; even so, the number of signatures collected, minus those canceled, corresponded to more than 1% of the electoral roll; with which, the CNE should have activated the recall process, however, it did not.

In 2017, the spurious Supreme Court of Justice gave a blow to the democratically elected Legislative Power in 2015, and decided to annul its functions; This unleashed in May, the massive demonstrations throughout the country, demanding the restitution of the National Assembly elected by popular majority and the activation of the recall process. The protests unleashed an attack by the Government, which used the National Guard and paramilitary groups to attack an unarmed population, killing more than 300 Venezuelans. In many of the death cases, the medical report referred to a coup de grace.

Before the angry mobs and transgressing the Constitution, Maduro decided to advance the presidential elections from December to May 2018.

Smarmatic, the contractor company of the National Electoral Council, which for 18 years would have supplied the machines for the electoral processes, declared in 2016 that it could not guarantee elections because they had detected irregularities in the process.

Finally, before an illegitimate TSJ, a CNE that acted arbitrarily and that had canceled the recall process (despite the fact that the opposition had presented the necessary requirements for its activation), before the Smarmatic statements of 2016 and the absence of observers international elections, the opposition decides not to stand in the 2018 presidential elections.

The aforementioned irregularities led the international community to ignore the electoral result, with which, on January 10, 2019, a power vacuum was generated.

Article 233 of the Venezuelan Constitution contemplates that in the face of a power vacuum, the president of the National Assembly has to assume the position of interim president of the country and call presidential elections in the next 30 days.

When the power vacuum occurs, Juan Guaidó, president of the National Assembly democratically elected in 2015, decides to abide by the constitutional mandate contemplated in article 233 of the Magna Carta.

The lack of guarantees exposed in the 2018 electoral process is the same lack of guarantees presented by the process of December 6, 2020, which is why, once again, the opposition decides not to participate, and there is a lack of knowledge on the part of international community.


While last December 12 the popular consultation promoted by the opposition culminated, which questioned citizens about the cessation of the usurpation of the regime and the acceptance or not of the parliamentary elections of December 6; 20 Venezuelans died in the wreck of a boat that tried without success to freedom, while it was heading to the coast of Trinidad and Tobago.

It is worrying that political leaders in Latin America praise a model that has caused the debacle of the country with the largest oil reserves in the world, long before 2017, the year in which the United States sanctions took effect.

Hugo Chavez Frias arrived with the promise of ending corruption. In 2012, after 14 years in office, the Corruption Perception Index placed Venezuela in 165th place out of 174 countries evaluated, only above North Korea, Sudan and Somalia. Today in the CPI report, Venezuela ranks 176th, ranking above countries such as Yemen and Syria.

The corruption of the years that preceded Chavismo, (which has nothing to do with the magnitude of the current one); Social inequality, the weakness of institutions and resentment, generated the breeding ground for a regrettable transformation led by a Messiah, who promised the solution to all the problems of the then-called Republic of Venezuela.

Resentment is an old emotion that causes the loss of reason, where the individual renounces his own well-being, if this implies ending the well-being of the one who believes, it has done so much damage. Chávez laid the foundations for his project on resentment and on social inequality, which is not close to the substantial gap that many Latin American countries present today.

His speech sowed hatred in the one mildly resentful of the other, capitalizing on it to levels of fanaticism. The Venezuelan voted to punish the corruption of the previous bipartisanship, (which is nowhere near the very high levels of current corruption); not knowing that, during the burial of the ancient and imperfect democracy, he was digging his own grave.

When voting with emotion, reason is lost, logical thinking stops operating, economic indicators do not matter, reality does not matter, the only thing that is perceived is the love and worship of the leader, who “unharmed” dictates the future of the citizen, who blind trusts that he will bring it to fruition, until reason returns, and he realizes that it is too late.

After 22 years of a “Socialism of the XXI Century”, Venezuela is adrift; More and more eyes are crying when they turn and realize that the land that once saw them grow inevitably loses itself on the horizon. More and more hearts stop beating as they tirelessly seek freedom. More and more orphans from a no man’s land.

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